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Brazil’s Food System Transformation

farm workers harvesting melons in brasil on a bright day using a tractor


The hidden costs of Brazil’s food system are estimated at approximately 500 billion USD annually, primarily driven by unsustainable production practices and GHG emissions. FSEC envisions a transformation scenario for Brazil extending up to 2050, indicating that these costs could be cut by over 200 billion USD annually. Ending illegal deforestation, incentivizing sustainable resource use, improving access to finance particularly for small farmers and ensuring a fair transition are strategic priorities for transforming Brazil’s food system. An integrated strategy tailored to local priorities and circumstances can help address the unavoidable tensions between multiple objectives that transforming food systems entails.

The Hidden Costs of Food

accumulated since the signing of the Paris Agreement in 2016

The counter shows the accumulated hidden costs of our current food systems since the signing of the Paris Agreement in 2016, taking into account greenhouse gas emissions, blue water use, land use conversion, nitrogen emissions, undernourishment, poverty, and unhealthy diets.

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